Sports Medicine


Sports medicine physicians have specialized training in the field of medicine that deals with sports or exercise-related injuries. Their primary focus is on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of injuries that occur during sports and other physical activities.

A sports medicine physician receives special training during a fellowship program in sports medicine after finishing a residency program in another specialty, such as primary care or orthopedic surgery.

Dr. Matthews is an Orthopedic Surgeon specializing in Sports Medicine. He has a specialized interest in treating knee and shoulder conditions. 

What is the difference between a Sports Medicine Physician and an Orthopedic Surgeon?

Both are well trained in musculoskeletal medicine. Sports medicine physicians specialize in the non-operative medical treatment of musculoskeletal sports conditions. When conditions require surgery, a sports medicine physician can expedite referral to the orthopedic surgeons in the office.

The sports medicine program at FORM is comprehensive. With both a non-operative sports medicine physician and orthopedic surgeons on staff, the patient can expect the best treatment without having to travel to another busy office. When indicated, we recommend appropriate rehabilitative care as well.

Why see a Sports Medicine Physician?

A sports medicine specialist is not just for the high school, college, or professional athlete. The same expertise used for the competitive athlete can be applied to the “weekend warrior” or “industrial athlete” to return the individual as quickly as possible to full function and FORM as quickly as possible.

Sports medicine physicians have specialized training that promotes lifelong fitness and wellness and encourages injury prevention. They help patients maximize function and minimize disability and time away from sports, school, or work. They treat a variety of acute musculoskeletal problems such as ankle sprains, muscle strains, knee and shoulder injuries, and fractures. Additionally, they treat overuse injuries such as tendonitis and stress fractures.

Sports medicine physicians also treat non-musculoskeletal aspects of sports medicine, including:

  • Pre-participation physical exam
  • Concussion treatment & management
  • Athletes with chronic or acute illness, such as “Mono,” asthma or diabetes
  • Nutrition, supplements, ergogenic aids and performance issues
  • Exercise prescription for patients who want to increase their fitness
  • Injury prevention
  • “Return to play” decisions in the sick or injured athlete
  • Healthy lifestyle promotion

What causes a sports-related injury?

Sports-related injuries often occur due to accidents, poor training practices, or improper gear. Sometimes such injuries occur because people are not in shape or don’t warm up or stretch enough before exercising or playing sports.

Other causes of exercise injuries include repeating the same motion over and over again, not having proper form for your exercise, not resting in between workouts, pushing your body too hard or too quickly, and doing an exercise that is too strenuous for your level of fitness.

What are the most common sports injuries?

The most common sports injuries include:

  • ACL Injuries
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Fracture
  • Ankle Sprains
  • Sprained Wrist
  • Broken Wrist
  • Finger Sprain
  • Broken Finger
  • Meniscus Tear
  • Injured Shoulder
  • Dislocated Shoulder
  • Rotator Cuff Injury
  • Injury to the Head
  • Face Injury
  • Injured Neck
  • Concussion

What are the typical symptoms of sports injuries?

Typically, with sports-related injuries symptoms include sharp pain, swelling, bruising and tenderness, particularly as a result of a fall, collision or repetitive strain (overuse injury).

What can you do for a sports-related injury?

Listen to your body:

  • If you are tired all the time, this may be a sign that you are overdoing it.
  • If you are feeling pain while playing sports or exercising, you should stop right away.
  • If you sustain an injury, stop playing the sport or exercising, as this will just make the injury worse.

Play it smart. Give your body time to heal. Once you are ready to start up again, do it slowly and gradually–modify your training or exercise program–decrease the number of days or length of time you exercise, as well as how hard you work out.

How do you treat a sports-related injury?

Initial treatment often begins with the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) method to relieve pain, reduce swelling, and speed healing.

How can you prevent sports-related injuries?

While playing sports and exercising can be fun, it can also be dangerous if you are not careful.  Here are some tips you can follow to help prevent any future sports-related injuries

  • Get a physical to make sure you are healthy enough before you start playing your sport or begin a new exercise program.
  • Wear the right shoes, gear, and equipment.
  • Drink lots of water to stay hydrated.
  • Warm-up and stretch before and after your activity.
    • Gets your blood flowing
    • Warms up your muscles
    • Increases flexibility
  • Strengthen muscles with conditioning exercises.
  • Mix up your routine with cross-training.
  • Use the proper technique as instructed.
  • Play safe and follow the rules.
  • Pace yourself.
  • Gradually increase your activity level.
  • Take breaks.
  • Do not play through pain.

If you already have an injury, don’t start back up with your activity until you are completely healed.  To protect yourself from reinjuries, wear padding, a brace, or special equipment, and start-up slowly.

At FORM Ortho, we have experience dealing with trauma injuries in the Fremont area.  Let FORM Ortho be your place for immediate orthopedic injury care.

During your visit, our team of specialists will provide you with an immediate diagnosis of the injury, corrective treatment, and medication if needed. They’ll also discuss with you any long-term options for recovery.

Contact Us

If you have a sports-related injury, come see us. You can request an appointment online or call us at (510) 585-2545.