Foot and Ankle

Foot and Ankle

Your foot and ankle bear the weight of the entire body and allow you to walk, run, and stand. The foot consists of 28 bones, 35 joints, 3 arteries, 4 veins, and 5 nerves. Because it is such a complex structure, your foot can be prone to injury and pain. Therefore, when the foot or ankle is injured, highly specialized treatment is important.

Foot Pain

Many people working on their feet all day tend to accept foot pain and fatigue as just another part of life, but the truth is, foot pain is not normal. Since our feet take on a great deal of stress during our normal, daily activities, it is extremely important to take good care of them. 

Foot Conditions

The following are just a few of the most common foot conditions that cause pain or discomfort:

Diabetic Foot

Diabetes affects all body systems. In the feet, it can limit your blood flow, decrease your nerve sensation and cause delayed healing to cuts and blisters, resulting in foot wounds. Commonly, patients end up with these wounds as a result of attempting to trim their own toenails and calluses.

If these patients lose feeling in the feet, coupled with poor circulation, it can lead to very serious infections. It is, therefore, for diabetics to have regular diabetic foot care to prevent foot problems associated with diabetes.

Flat Feet

Having flat feet, a condition referred to as pes planus or fallen arches, is rarely serious, but can cause pain when you do extensive physical activity. If you have flat feet, your feet don’t have a normal arch when you are standing.

Flatfoot can be a complex disorder with diverse symptoms and varying degrees of deformity and disability. There are several types of flatfoot, all of which have one characteristic in common: partial or total collapse (loss) of the arch. 

Ankle Pain

Ankle pain refers to any type of pain or discomfort in your ankles caused by an injury like a sprain or by a medical condition, like arthritis.

The ankle joint is composed of two joints, the true ankle joint, and the subtalar joint. The true ankle joint is composed of three bones, the tibia which forms the medial (inside) portion of the ankle; the fibula which forms the lateral (outside) portion of the ankle; and the talus underneath. The true ankle joint is responsible for the up and down motion of the foot. The subtalar joint is under the true ankle joint and consists of the talus on top and calcaneus on the bottom. The subtalar joint is responsible for the side-to-side motion of the foot.

Ankle Conditions

The following are just a few of the most common ankle conditions that cause pain or discomfort:

Achilles Tendinitis

Achilles tendinitis is a very common injury of the lower extremities and is most common among athletic patients, particularly runners.

The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel and is the largest tendon in the body. We use our Achilles tendons during many activities, like walking, running, climbing stairs, and jumping. Achilles tendons can take on a great deal of stress, but they are also susceptible to inflammation. This inflammation is known as Achilles tendinitis.

Contact Us

At FORM Ortho, we treat all foot and ankle conditions in adults and children, with a focus on avoiding surgery whenever possible. If you have foot and ankle pain or discomfort, call FORM Ortho at (510) 585-2545 to schedule an appointment.